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EDITOR
Dr. Saiful I. Dildar



 

 


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Mohammad Ruhul Amin



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Editorial

‘Fortnightly’  পাক্ষিক

‘Manabadhikar’মানবাধিকার

২৭তম বর্ষ ৬৩৩তম সংখ্যা ১ নভেম্বর ২০১৮ইং

 


 রোহিঙ্গা প্রত্যাবাসনে কালক্ষেপণ মানবাধিকারের লঙ্ঘন



গত ১৫ নভেম্বর ২০১৮ রোহিঙ্গাদের প্রত্যাবাসন শুরু হওয়ার কথা ছিল। এই দিন উখিয়ার থাইংখালীর জামতলী জি-৮ ব্লক ও টেকনাফের উনচিপ্রাং ক্যাম্পের ১৬টি রোহিঙ্গা পরিবারকে তিনদিনের খাদ্যসহ মিয়ানমারে প্রেরণের জন্য সব ধরনের প্রস্তুতি নেওয়া হয়োছিল। কিন্তু গণহত্যার বিচার, নাগরিকত্ব, নিরাপত্তা ও বসতভিটা ফেরতের নিশ্চয়তা ব্যতীত তারা মিয়ানমারে ফিরে যাবে না বলে সাফ জানিয়ে দেয়। শুধু তাই নয়, এ সময় আন্তর্জাতিকভাবে একের পর এক চাপ আসতে থাকে। জাতিসংঘের মানবাধিকার বিষয়ক কর্মকর্তারা প্রত্যাবাসন বন্ধ করার জন্য বাংলাদেশ সরকারের পদক্ষেপ নেওয়া উচিত বলে বিবৃতি দেয়। যুক্তরাষ্ট্র, কানাডা, ইউরোপীয় ইউনিয়নসহ বিভিন্ন দেশ ও সংগঠন হতে চাপ দেওয়া হতে থাকে। এদিকে মিয়ানমারের পররাষ্ট্রমন্ত্রী ইউ মাইয়ান্ত থু বলেছেন যে, রোহিঙ্গাদের পুনর্বাসনের চুক্তি বাংলাদেশ সরকার মানতে ব্যর্থ হয়েছে। আবার প্রত্যাবাসন শুরু না হওয়ায় উখিয়া-টেকনাফের স্থানীয় বাসিন্দাদের মধ্যে ক্ষোভের সৃষ্টি হয়েছে। অর্থাৎ রোহিঙ্গাদের প্রত্যাবাসন ঝুলে যাওয়ায় বাংলাদেশ এক ত্রিশঙ্কু অবস্থার মধ্যে পড়েছে।
রোহিঙ্গাদের প্রত্যাবাসন ঝুলে যাওয়ার পেছনে দায়ী মূলত পশ্চিমা দেশগুলোর কৌশলগত চাপ, নিজ দেশে রোহিঙ্গাদের জন্য সুষ্ঠু পরিবেশ সৃষ্টিতে মিয়ানমারের আন্তরিকতার অভাব, একশ্রেণির আন্তর্জাতিক সংস্থার মদদ ও কিছু উচ্ছৃঙ্খল রোহিঙ্গাদের পরিকল্পিত হুমকি-ধামকি ইত্যাদি। তবে এই উদ্ভূত পরিস্থিতির পরও বাংলাদেশ সরকার যে ধৈর্য, সহনশীলতা, উদারতা ও দূরদর্শিতার পরিচয় দিচ্ছে তা প্রশংসনীয়। খোদ প্রধানমন্ত্রী বলে দিয়েছেন, কাউকে জোর করে ফেরত পাঠানো হবে না। আবার জোর করে রাখাও হবে না। বরং তাদের বুঝানো হবে এবং যারা যেতে সম্মত হবে তাদের প্রত্যাবাসন প্রক্রিয়া শীঘ্রই আবারও শুরু হবে।
যারা রোহিঙ্গা প্রত্যাবাসনের বিরোধিতা করছেন, তাদের আসল উদ্দেশ্য কী তা আমাদের বোধগম্য নয়। কিন্তু তারা এই শরণার্থীদের গ্রহণ করতে প্রস্তুত এমন কথাও আমরা শুনতে পায় না। মিয়ানমারে রোহিঙ্গাদের ফেরার পরিবেশ নেই বলে যারা দাবি করছেন, তারা মিয়ানমারকে সে পরিবেশ সৃষ্টিতে কেন বাধ্য করছেন না? ইতোমধ্যে জাতিসংঘ সাধারণ পরিষদের তৃতীয় কমিটিতে রোহিঙ্গা গণহত্যায় মিয়ানমারের নিন্দায় ওআইসি উত্থাপিত একটি প্রস্তাব গৃহীত হয়েছে ১৪২-১০ ভোটে। কিন্তু কোনো কার্যকর উদ্যোগ না নেওয়ায় কেবল এই দায়সারা প্রস্তাব আমাদের কোনো উপকারে আসছে না। এই বাস্তবতায় এই সমস্যার টেকসই সমাধান খুঁজে বের করতে আমাদের দুইটি আঞ্চলিক শক্তিশালী দেশের সাহায্য-সহযোগিতাকেই প্রাধান্য দেওয়া বাঞ্ছনীয়।


 

 

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PM Hasina: Cooperatives can help end the curse of poverty
 

Human Rights Report
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina addresses a function marking the 47th National Cooperative Day organized at the Bangabandhu International Conference Centre in Dhaka on Sunday, November 25, 2018 Focus Bangla
'In the cooperative-based development process, discrimination decreases because it ensures balanced and sustainable development'
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has called for strengthening the cooperatives movement in Bangladesh, saying that cooperatives can play a big role in the country's development.
"If the cooperatives' movement can be carried out properly, then the country will develop faster... I believe that," she said on Sunday.
She made the statement while addressing a function, marking the 47th National Cooperative Day and awarding the recipient of the National Cooperative Award of 2016 and 2017, reports UNB.
The Department of Cooperatives under the Ministry of LGRD and Cooperatives had organized the event at the Bangabandhu International Conference Centre (BICC) in Dhaka.






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BHRC & IHRC Human Rights Report on November 2018 in Bangladesh

Total 211 persons killed in November 2018


Human Rights Report:

The documentation section of Bangladesh Human Rights Commission (BHRC) and International Human Rights CommissionIHRC jointly furnished this human rights survey report on the basis of daily newspapers and information received from its district, subdistrict and municipal branches. As per survey it appears that 211 peoples were killed in November, 2018 in all over the country. It proves that the law and order situation is not satisfactory. Bangladesh Human Rights Commissions extremely anxious about this situation. In the month of November, 2018 average 7 people were killed in each day.
The Law enforcing agencies and related Govt. departments should be more responsible so that percentage of killing November be brought down to zero level. To institutionalize the democracy and to build human rights based society the rule of law and order must be established everywhere. Through enforcing rule of law only such violation against human rights can be minimized.
It appears from documentation division of BHRC:
Total 211 Number of people's killed November, 2018
Killing for dowry 6, killing by family violence 27, Killed due to social discrepancy 39, Political Killing 9, Killed by Law enforcing authority 32, BSF 5m Killed due to doctor negligence 7, Kill due to abduction 9, Assassination 7, Mysterious death 65, Women & Chilled killed due to rape 5.
Killed by several accidents:
Killed by road accident 233, Suicide 25
Besides victims of torture:
Rape 21, Sexual Harassment 27, Torture for Dowry 3.


 

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet has urged Dhaka 
 

Human Rights Report:
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet has urged Dhaka to halt plans for the repatriation of 2,260 Rohingya refugees to Myanmar, warning that the returns would be in violation of international law putting their lives and freedom at serious risk. "We are witnessing terror and panic among those Rohingya refugees in Cox's Bazar who are at imminent risk of being returned to Myanmar against their will," she said in a statement issued in Geneva yesterday.
"Forcibly expelling or returning refugees and asylum seekers to their home country would be a clear violation of the core legal principle of non-refoulement, which forbids repatriation where there are threats of persecution or serious risks to the life and physical integrity or liberty of the individuals."
The UN rights chief made the call ahead of the start of repatriation tomorrow as per the decision taken by Bangladesh and Myanmar following the Joint Working Group meeting held in Dhaka on October 30.
More than 725,000 Rohingyas fled into Bangladesh from Myanmar's Rakhine after a brutal military crackdown began in August last year. They have joined some 300,000 Rohingyas already living in squalid camps in Cox's Bazar for years.

The BNP may offer 60 parliamentary seats to its partners in the Jatiya Oikyafront and the 20-party alliance, setting aside the rest for its leaders who have been collecting party nomination papers since Monday.
Party policymakers discussed the seat-sharing issue in the last two days. They would soon sit with the partners in the alliances to settle it, BNP insiders said.
If needed, the party may offer 20 more seats to the partners to avoid any conflict, they said.
The Awami League looks all set to lead the largest alliance ever to take on its archrival BNP and other opposition parties and combines in the high-stake December election.
Bizarrely, the Jatiya Party, the main opposition in the current parliament, is also joining the ruling alliance, which is unprecedented in modern parliamentary democracy around the world.


 

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Against the better judgement of a number of economists and bankers
S. M. Rayhanul Islam

Human Rights Report:

The High Court enhanced the punishment of BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia from five years of imprisonment to 10 years in Zia Orphanage Trust Corruption case. The court also upheld the 10 years' imprisonment handed to the Kazi Salimul Haque and Sharfuddin Ahmed in the same case. The court delivered the verdict after accepting a revision petition filed by the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) seeking enhancement of the punishment of the BNP chief and dismissing the appeal of Khaleda. The HC bench of Justice M Enayetur Rahim and Justice Md Mostafizur Rahman delivered the verdict as it heard the appeal and revision petition earlier.
No lawyer for Khaleda and ther accused of the case was present in the courtroom. Attorney General Mahbubey Alam said Khaleda Zia cannot contest any parliamentary election unless the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court scraps her punishment.
Citizens suffered through 48 hours of a transport strike made even worse with the advent of unruly pickets drawn from the striking transport staff targeting ordinary citizens, mostly drivers, by smearing them with engine oil - a shocking resort that the authorities seem to be letting off lightly.
There was no visible step, such as talks with the strike's leaders, from the government to end the strike that also hurt businesses. The weekly cabinet meeting also did not have any formal discussion on the issue.
Against that backdrop, Bangladesh Road Transport Workers Federation, led by Shipping Minister Shajahan Khan, threatened to enforce a 96-hour strike in the third week of November. The striking workers' demands include making all offences under the Road Transport Act bailable, scrapping the provision for the fine of Tk 5 lakh on a worker for involvement in a road accident, changing the minimum educational qualification required to obtain driving licences from class-VIII to class-V, and ending harassment by police on roads.
Against the better judgement of a number of economists and bankers, and giving in to pressure from government high-ups, Bangladesh Bank set in motion the process of giving licences for four new commercial banks. As part of the move, the central bank placed a proposal at this week's meeting of its board of directors.



 

 

SUST team invents low-cost cancer-detecting technology

Human Rights Report:

Human Rights Report:
A team of researchers from Shahjalal University of Science and Technology (SUST) has recently invented a low-cost technology to detect cancer through analysing blood samples.
Education Minister Nurul Islam Nahid disclosed the epoch-making invention at a recent press conference at the International Mother Language Institute in the city.
"It's completely a new technology and a great success of Bangladesh in the field of education research. It'll be used for the welfare of all," he said. The new technology will test the blood samples in a completely new method to predict the possibility of cancer in a very short time and at a very low cost, Nahid said.
The minister also added that once the project is implemented successfully, it will be possible to detect the nonlinear characteristics of any blood sample apart from cancer patients.The 'Detection of Biomarker Using Nonlinear' project was launched in March 2016 under HEQEP. As part of the project, a nonlinear bio-optics research laboratory was established at the SUST Physics department. The laboratory has started the work to measure the nonlinear index through sending powerful laser rays into the blood serum of cancer patients. There is no need to use additional reagent in the new method as required in the biochemical system.
 
 

 

EU leaders seal Brexit deal, ask Britons to back May
 


Human Rights Report:
Theresa May met European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker on the eve of a summit to approve a historic Brexit deal.
European Union leaders formally agreed a Brexit deal at a Brussels summit on Sunday, urging Britons to back Prime Minister Theresa May's package, which faces furious opposition in the British parliament.
The 27 leaders took barely half an hour to rubber-stamp a 600-page treaty setting terms for Britain's withdrawal from the European Union on March 29 and a 26-page declaration outlining a future free trading relationship.
"This is the deal," European Union chief executive Jean-Claude Juncker told reporters on his way in to the meeting, saying he believed May would get it through parliament and ruling out big new concessions.
"Now it is time for everybody to take responsibility-everybody," said Michel Barnier, the Frenchman who has ground out the withdrawal treaty over the past 18 months. Juncker called it "a sad day", saying Brexit was a "tragedy" and tough on both sides. The biggest question now facing the EU is whether Theresa May's divided minority government can steer the deal. "I believe that the
British government will succeed in securing the backing of the British parliament," Juncker said, declining to comment on what might happen if May fails.
"I would vote in favour of this deal because this is the best deal possible for Britain," he added.


 

 


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